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Лебедева Вероника Константиновна

It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.

Albert Einstein

Союз

 

Союз – служебная часть речи, соединяющая члены предложения или части сложного предложения

СОЮЗ

ПЕРЕВОД

ПРИМЕР

1. Сочинительные

 

 

and

и

Mary and I want to swim.

but

но, зато, а

I want to swim but Mary doesn’t.

or

или

Would you like to swim or sleep?

either … or

и … и

You can learn either English or French

neither … nor

ни … ни

He can speak neither English nor French.

both … and

и … и, как … так и

Both Mary and John can speak English.

2. Подчинительные

 

 

a) места

 

where

где, куда, откуда

I’ve hidden the money where no one will find it.

wherever

где бы ни, куда бы ни

Wherever he turned he saw the wood.

b) времени

 

 

after

после (того как)

We had dinner after dad had come.

before

прежде чем, до того как

Before you start think carefully.

as

когда

As I was leaving, the phone rang.

as soon as

как только

Call me as soon as you arrive.

as long as

пока, до тех пор, сколько

You can keep the CD as long as you like.

since

с тех пор как

I’ve known him since we left school.

till, until

(до тех пор) пока (не)

Wait until I come.

when

когда

When he saw me, he waved.

whenever

когда бы ни

Whenever you come you are welcome.

while

пока

I’ll stay here while you are shopping.

c) причины

 

 

as

так как, потому что

I lay down as / because / for / since I was tired.

because

for

since

d) условия

 

 

if

если

If / in case  he calls tell him I’m out.

Provided you pay me back by Friday, I’ll lend you the money.

in case

provided

unless

если не

I can help you unless you tell me what’s wrong.

e) цели

 

 

in order that

чтобы

Come closer so that I could hear you better.

so

so as

so that

lest

чтобы не

She turned the TV down lest she should miss the phone ringing.

f) следствия

 

 

that, so that

так(ой) … что

The box was so heavy that I couldn’t lift it.

g) образа действия и сравнения

 

 

as, the way

(так же) как

Can you do it as / the way I can?

as … as

так(ой) … как

He is as tall as his father.

as if / though

как будто

He is walking as if he is drunk.

than

чем

I love you more than ever.

h) уступительные

 

 

although / though

несмотря на то что, хотя

Though they were poor, they were happy.