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Лебедева Вероника Константиновна

It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.

Albert Einstein

Предлог

 

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: AT, ON, IN

ПРЕДЛОГИ ВРЕМЕНИ

AT

ON

IN

1. точное время:

·   at 6 o’clock;

·   at midnight (в полночь); at noon / midday (в полдень)

·   at sunrise / dawn (на рассвете), at sunset (на закате)

·   at the moment

2. части дня:

·   at night (ночью)

·   at lunchtime (в обед)

3. праздники:

·   at Christmas (на Рождество)

·   at Easter (на Пасху)

4. выходные: at the weekend (but: at weekends)

5. начало и конец ч.-л.:

·   at the beginning of … (в начале)

·   at the end of… (в конце)

·   at first (сначала)

·   at last (наконец)

·   at conclusion (в заключение)

6.  о количестве раз:

·   at once (сразу)

·   one at a time (по одному)

·   at two sittings (за две встречи)

7. устойчивые фразы:

·   at the age of (в возрасте…)

·   at the same time (одновременно)

·   at no time (никогда)

·   at times (время от времени)

·   at the time (тогда)

·   at the right / wrong time (вовремя / не вовремя)

·   at the last minute

·   at the turn of the century (на рубеже веков)

1. дни, даты:

·   on Monday (в понедельник)

·   on the 25 of July (25 июля)

2. перед частями дня, если перед ними стоит определение:

·   on a peaceful night (тихой ночью)

·    on Monday evening

(в понедельник вечером)

3. перед названием праздника, если в его название входит сущ-е day: on Christmas day

4. устойчивые фразы:

·   on the eve (накануне)

·   on time (точно вовремя)

·   on holiday, on leave (на каникулах, в отпуске)

·   day on day (день за днем)

·   cash on delivery (оплата при доставке)

·   on a trip (в поездке, во время поездки)

·   on the stroke of two  (точно в два)

1.   с месяцами, годами, веками, десятилетиями, тысячелетиями:

·   in April

·   in 1987

·   in 1950s

·   in the 19th century

2.   с частями дня, если перед ними стоит the:

·   in the morning (утром)

·   in the afternoon (днем)

·   in the evening (вечером)

·   in the night  (ночью)

3.   с временами года: in winter (зимой)

4.   in + время года + holiday: in the summer holiday (на летних каникулах)

5.   in = через : in two years’ time (через два года)

6.   устойчивые фразы:

·   in no time (сразу)

·   in time (вовремя)

·   in free / spare time (в свободное время)

·   in the end (в конце концов)

·   in good time (заранее)

·   all in good time (всему свое время)

·   in the dead of night (глухой ночью)

·   in a jiff (мигом)

NOTE: Как правило, перед словами this, last, next, every и следующим за ним существительным, обозначающим время, предлоги не ставятся.

 

 

VERBS, ADJECTIVES, NOUNS + PREPOSITION

ГЛАГОЛ, ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНОЕ, СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ + ПРЕДЛОГ

VERBS, ADJECTIVES, NOUNS + PREPOSITION

 

absent from (adj)
accompanied by (adj)
according to (prep)
account for (v)
accuse sb of (v)
accustomed to (adj)
addicted to (adj)
advantage of (n)
(but: there's an advantage in – (have) an advantage over sb)
advice on (n)
afraid of (adj)
agree to/on sth (v)
agree with sb (v)
ahead of (prep)
aim at (v)
allergic to (adj)
amazed at/by (adj)
amused at/with (adj)
angry at what sb does (adj)
angry with sb about sth (adj)
angry with sb for doing sth (adj)
annoyed with sb about sth (adj)
answer to (n)
anxious about sth (adj)
anxious for sth to happen (adj)
apologise to sb for sth (v)
(make an) appeal to sb for sth (n)
appeal to/against (v)
apply to sb for sth (v)
approve of (v)
argue with sb about sth (v)
arrest sb for sth (v)
arrive at (a small place) (v)
arrive in (a city) (v)
ashamed of (adj)
ask for (v) (but: ask sb a question)
assure (sb) of (v)
astonished at/by (adj)
attached to (adj)
attack on (n)
attend to (v)
(un)aware of (adj)
bad at sth (adj) (but: He was very bad to me.)
base on (v)
basis for (n)
beg for (v)
believe in (v)
benefit from (v)
bet on (v)
beware of (v)
(put the) blame on sb (n)
blame sb for sth (v)
blame sth on sb (v)
boast about/ot (v)
bored with/of (adj)
borrow sth from sb (v)
brilliant at (adj)
bump into (v)
busy with (adj)
campaign against/for (v)
capable of (adj)
care about (v)
care for sb (v) (= like)
(take) care of (n)
care for sth (v) (= like to do sth)
careful of (adj)
careless about (adj)
cause of (n)
certain of (adj)
change into (v)
charge for (v)
charge sb with (v)
cheque for (n)
choice between/of (n)
close to (adj)
collaborate with (v)
collide with (v)
comment on (v)
communicate with (v)
compare with / to (v)
comparison between (n)
complain of (v) (= suffer from)
complain to sb about sth (v)
compliment sb on (v)
comply with (v)
conceal sth from sb (v)
concentrate on (v)
confidence in sb (n)
confusion over (n)
congratulate sb on sth (v)
connection between (n)
connect to/with (v)
consist of (v)
contact between (n) (but: in contact with)
content with (adj)
contrary to (prep)
contrast with (v)
contribute to (v)
convert to/into (v)
cope with (v)
correspond to/with (v)
count against (v)
count on sb (phr v)
cover in/with (v)
covered in/with (adj)
crash into (v)
(have) a craving for sth (n)
crazy about (adj)
crowded with (adj)
cruel to (adj)
cruelty towards/to (n)
cure for (n)
cure of (v)
curious about (adj)
damage to (n)
date back to (v)
deal with (v)
dear to (adj)
decide on/against (v)
decrease in (n)
dedicate to (v)
definition of (n)
delay in (n)
delight in (v)
delighted with (adj)
demand for (n)
demand from (v)
depart from (v)
departure from (n)
depend on/upon (v)
dependent on (adj)
description of (n)
die of/from (v)
die in an accident (v)
differ from (v)
different from (adj)
difficulty in/with (n)
disadvantage of (n) (but: there's a disadvantage in doing sth)
disagree with (v)
disappointed with/about (adj)
disapprove of (v)
discharge sb from (v)
discouraged from (adj)
discussion about/on (n)
disgusted by/at (adj)
dismiss from (v)
dispose of (v)
disqualified from (adj)
dissatisfied with (adj)
distinguish between (v)
divide between/among (v)
divide into/by (v)
do sth about (v)
doubtful about (adj)
dream about (v)
dream of (v) (= imagine)
dressed in (adj)
eager for (adj)
efficient at (adj)
(put) effort into sth (n)
emphasis on (n)
engaged to sb/in sth (adj)
engagement to sb (n)
enthusiastic about (adj)
envious of (adj)
equal to (adj)
escape from/to (v)
example of (n)
excellent at (adj)
exception to (n)
exchange sth for sth else (v)
excited about (adj)
exclaim at (v)
excuse for (n)
excuse sb for (v)
expel from (v)
experienced in (adj)
experiment on/with (v)
expert at/in (sth/doing sth) (n) (= person good at)
expert at/in/on (sth/doing sth) (adj) (= done with skill)
expert with sth (n) (= good at using sth)
expert on (n) (= person knowledge¬able about a subject)
face up to (phr v)
fail in an attempt (v)
fail to do sth (v)
failure in (an exam) (n)
failure to (do sth) (n)
faithful to (adj)
fall in (n)
familiar to sb (= known to sb) (adj)
familiar with (= have knowledge of) (adj)
famous for (adj)
fed up with (adj)
fill sth with sth else (v)
finish with (v)
fire at (v)
fond of (adj)
forget about (v)
forgive sb for (v)
fortunate in (adj)
friendly with/to (adj)
frightened of (adj)
full of (adj)
furious with sb about/at sth (adj)
generosity to/towards (n)
genius at (n)
glance at (v)
glare at (v)
good at (adj) (but: He was very good to me.)
grateful to sb for sth (adj)
guess at (v)
guilty of (adj) (but: he felt guilty about his crime)
happen to (v)
happy about/with (adj)
harmful to (adj)
hear about (v) (= be told)
hear from (v) (= receive a letter)
hear of (v) (= learn that sth or sb exists)
heir to (n)
hint to sb about sth (v) (but: hint at sth)
hope for (v) hope to do sth (v)
(no) hope of (n) hopeless at (adj)
idea of (n)
identical to (adj)
ignorant of/about (adj)
ill with (adj)
impact on (n)
impressed by/with (adj)
(make an) impression on sb (n)
improvement in/on (n)
incapable of (adj)
increase in (n)
independent of (adj)
indifferent to (adj)
inferior to (adj)
information about/on (n)
(be) informed about (adj)
insist on (v)
insure against (v)
intelligent at (adj)
(have no) intention of (n)
interest in (n)
interested in (adj)
interfere with/in (v)
invasion of (n)
invest in (v)
invitation to (n)
invite sb to (v
involve in (v)
irritated by (adj)
jealous of (adj)
join in (v)
joke about (v)
knock at/on (v)
know about/of (v)
keen on sth (adj)
keen to do sth (adj)
kind to (adj)
key to (n)
knowledge of (n)
lack in (v)
lack of (n)
laugh at (v)
lean on/againsi (v)
leave for (v) (= head for)
lend sth to sb (v)
listen to (v)
live on (v)
long for (v)
look after (phr v) (= take care of)
look at (v)
look for (= search for) (v)
married to (adj)
mean to (adj)
mention to (v)
mistake sb for (v)
mix with (v)
name after (v)
necessary for (adj)
need for (n)
neglect of (n)
nervous about (adj)
new to (adj)
nice to (adj)
nominate sb (for/as sth) (v)
(take) (no) notice of (n)
notorious for doing sth (adj)
obedient to (adj)
object to (v)
objection to (n)
obliged to sb for sth (adj)
obvious to (adj)
occur to (v)
offence against (n)
operate on (v)
opinion of/on (n)
opposite of/to (n)
part with (v)
patient with (adj)
pay by (cheque) (v)
pay for (v)
pay in (cash) (v)
peculiar to (adj)
persist in (v)
pity for (n)
take pity on sb (exp)
pleased with (adj)
(take) pleasure in (n)
(have the) pleasure of (n)
point at/to (v)
(im)polite to (adj)
popular with (adj)
praise sb for (v)
pray for sth/sb (v)
prefer sth to sth else (v)
(have a) preference for (n)
prepare for (v)
present sb with (v)
prevent sb from (v)
(take) pride in (n)
pride oneself on sth/on doing (v)
prohibit sb from doing sth (v)
prone to (adj)
protect against/from (v)
protection from (n)
protest about/at (v)
proud of (adj)
provide sb with (v)
punish sb for (v)
puzzled about/by (adj)
quarrel about sth/with sb (v/n)
qualified for (adj)quick at (adj)
react to (v)
reaction to (n)
ready for (adj)
reason for (n)
reason with (v)
rebel against (v)
receive from (v)
recover from (v)
reduction in (n)
refer to (v)
(in/with) reference to (n)
refusal of (n)
regard as (v)
regardless of (prep)
related to (adj)
relationship between (n) (but: a good relationship with sb)
relevant to (adj)
rely on (v)
remind sb of/about (v)
remove from (v)
replace sth with sth else (v)
reply to (n/v)
report on (n/v)
reputation for/of (n)
research on/into (n)
respect for (n)
respected for (adj)
respond to (v)
responsibility for (n) responsible for (adj) result from (v) (= be the consequence of)
result in (v) (= cause) result of (n)
resulting from (adj)
rich in (adj)
(get) rid of (phr)
rise in (n)
(make) room for (n)
rude to (adj)
run into (phr v)
safe from (adj)
same as (adj)
satisfied with (adj)
save sb from (v)
scared of (adj)
search for (v/n)
(be) in search of (n)
sensible of sth (adj)
sensitive to (adj)
sentence sb to (v)
separate from (v)
serious about (adj)
share in/of sth (n)
shelter from (v)
shocked at/by (adj)
shoot at (v)
short of (adj)
shout at (v)
shy of (adj)
sick of (adj)
silly to do sth (adj) (but: it was silly of him)
similar to (adj)
skilful/skilled at (adj)
slow in/about doing sth/to sth smell of (n/v)
smile at (v)
solution to (n)
sorry about (adj) (= feel sorry for sb) (but: I'm sorry for doing sth)
speak to/with sb about (v)
specialise in (v)
specialist in (n)
spend money on sth (v)
spend time in/doing sth (v)
split into/in (v)
spy on (v)
stand for (phr v)
stare at (v)
strain on (n)
subject to (adj/v)
submit to (v)
subscribe to (v)
succeed in (v)
suffer from (v)
sufficient for sth/sb (adj)
superior to (adj)
sure of/about (adj)
surprised at/by (adj)
surrender to (v)
surrounded by (adj)
suspect sb of (v)
suspicious of (adj)
sympathetic to/towards (adj)
sympathise with (v)
take sth to sb/sth (v)
talent for sth (n)
talk to sb about sth (v) (have) taste in (n)
taste of (v)
terrible at (adj)
terrified of (adj)
thank sb for (v)
thankful for (adj)
think about/of (v)
threat to sb/sth of sth (n) threaten sb with sth (v)
throw at (v) (in order to hit)
throw to (v) (in order to catch)
tired of (adj) (= fed up with)
translate from ... into (v)
tread on (v)
trip over (v)
trouble with (n)
typical of (adj)
unaware of (adj)
understanding of (n)
uneasy about (adj)
upset about/over sth (adj)
valid for (length of time) (adj)
valid in (places) (adj)
value sth at (v)
vote against/for (v)
wait for (v)
warn sb against/about/of (v)
waste (time/money) on (v)
weak in/at (adj) wonder about (v) worry about (v)
(make) use of (n) used to (adj)
worthy of (adj)
write to sb (v)
wrong about (adj)

 

 

PREPOSITION + NOUN, ADJECTIVE, VERB

ПРЕДЛОГ + СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ, ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНОЕ, ГЛАГОЛ

 

at the age of
at the airport
at the beginning of
at breakfast/lunch etc
at the bottom of
at the bus stop
at church
at the corner/on the corner
at all costs
at the crossroads
at dawn
at one's desk
at the door
at the end of
at fault
at first
at first hand
at first sight
at a glance
at a guess
at hand
at heart
at home
at/in a hotel
at... km per hour
at last
at the latest
at least
at liberty
at a loss
at the match
at midnight
at the moment
at most
at night
at noon
at once
at peace/war
at present
at a profit
at the prospect
at random
at any rate
at one's request
at the same time
at school
at sea
at the seaside
at short notice
at/in the station
at sunset
at the table
at the time
at times
at the top of (but: on top of)
at university
at the weekend
at work
at 4 Rose St.
by accident
by all accounts
by appointment
by the arm/hand
by birth
by bus/train/plane, etc (but: on а / the bus; in a taxi / helicopter / plane)
by chance
by cheque
by correspondence
by day/night by degrees
by the dozen by far
by force by hand
by heart
by invitation by land/sea/air by law
by luck
by marriage by means of by mistake
by nature
by now
by oneself
by phone
by post/airmail
by profession
by request
by (the/one's) side
by sight
by surprise
by the time
by the way
by one's watch
for ages
for breakfast
for certain
for a change
for ever
for fear (of)
for fun (= for amusement)
for good
for granted
for hire
for instance
for luck
for life
for love
for nothing
for once
for the rest of
for safe keeping
for one's sake
for the sake of
for sale
for short
for the time being
for a walk
for a while
in action
in addition to
in advance (of)
in agreement (with)
in aid of
in all (all in all)
in answer to
in an armchair
in a good/bad temper
in bed
in a book
in brief
in any case
in cash
in the centre of
in charge (of)
in code
in colour
in comfort
in common
in comparison with
in conclusion (to)
in (good/bad) condition
in confidence
in control (of)
in the country
in danger
in the dark
in debt
in demand
in detail
in difficulty
in the direction of
in doubt
in a... dress
in the end (= finally)
in exchange for
in existence
in fact
in fashion
in favour of
in flames
in the flesh
in one's free time
in fun
in future
in general
in good time
in half
in hand
in haste
in good/bad health
in honour of
in the hope of
in hospital
in a hotel
in a hurry
in ink/pencil/pen
in sb's interest
in length/width etc
in all sb's life
in a line
in the long run
in love (with)
in luxury
in the meantime
in a mess
in the middle of
in a mirror
in a moment
in a good/bad mood
in the mood
in the morning
in the mountains
in need of
in the news
in a newspaper
in the name of
in the nick of time
in the north/south
in a nutshell
in oils
in the open
in one's opinion
in orbit
in order of/to
in other words
in pain
in pairs
in the park
in particular
in the past
in person
in pieces
in place of
in politics
in pounds
in practice
in principle
in prison
in private/public
in all probability
in progress
in a queue
in reality
in return
in the right/wrong
in a row/rows
in ruins
in safety
in season
in secret
in self-defence
in short
in sight (of)
in the sky
in some respects
in stock
in the streets
in succession
in the suburbs
in the sun/shade
in good/bad taste
in tears
in theory
in a tick
in time
in no time
in touch
in town
in tune (with)
in turn
in two/half
in uniform
in use
in vain
in view of
in a loud/low voice
in a way (= in a manner)
in the way
in writing
in a word
off air
off colour
off duty
off limits
off the map
off the peg
off the point
off the record
off the road
off school/work
on account of
on a... morning
on the agenda
on the air
on approval
on arrival
on average
on bail
on balance
on the beach
on behalf of
on one's birthday
on board
on the border
on business
on call
on a campsite (at a campsite)
on the coast
on condition
on the contrary
on credit
on a(n) cruise / trip / tour
on (a ...) day
on demand
on a diet
on the dole
on duty
on earth
on edge
on an expedition
on a farm
on fire
on the (4th) floor (of)
on the floor
on foot
on the one hand
on the other hand
on holiday
on horseback
on impulse
on the increase
on an island
on a journey
on one's knees
on leave
on the left
on loan
on the market
on one's mind
on that morning
on the move
on New Year's Day
on the news
on order
on the outskirts
on one's own
on page...
on parade
on the pavement
on the phone
on a platform
on principle
on purpose
on the radio/TV
on the right
on the river
on sale
on schedule
on the screen
on second thoughts
on sight
on the sofa
on the street(s)
on strike
on good/bad terms
on time
on top of
on the trail of
on a trip
on the way (to)
on the whole
out of breath
out of character
out of condition
out of control
out of danger
out of date
out of debt
out of doors
out of fashion
out of focus
out of hand
out of luck
out of order
out of the ordinary

out of place
out of practice
out of print
out of the question
out of reach
out of season
out of sight
out of step
out of stock
out of tune
out of turn
out of use
out of work
under age
under arrest
under one's breath
under control
under discussion
under the impression
under orders
under pressure
under repair
under the weather